Agriculture and food systems encompass the entire range of activities involved in
the production, processing, marketing, retail, consumption, and disposal of goods
that originate from agriculture, including food and non-food products, livestock,
pastoralism, fisheries including aquaculture, and forestry; and the inputs needed
and the outputs generated at each of these steps. Food systems also involve a wide
range of stakeholders, people and institutions, as well as the socio-political, economic,
technological and natural environment in which these activities take place.
Components of the Food System #
Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, economic and social
access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food
preferences for an active and healthy life. The four key dimensions of food security are
availability, access, utilization and stability. The nutritional dimension is integral to the
concept of food security.