Unit 2: Climate Services
Content: This unit describes:

§  climate services

§  climate information needs

§  Information Technology that meets the needs of users

Objective: The objective of the unit at end is to improve the:

§   knowledge on climate services

§  knowledge on identifying climate information needs

§  synthesis of Information Technology that meets the needs of users

Participants: Scientists, reporters, decisions makers, practionners such fields workers (NGOs, etc)
Method of training: Participatory training/facilitation methodologies, lectures, group discussions, case studies, PowerPoint presentation, etc.
Training material Flip charts, notebooks and pens, marker pens, white board, white board markers, projector
Duration: 30 mins
Evaluation: To be decided by the facilitator
Reference Material Sénégal (2016). Plan d’actions du Sénégal (2006-2020) pour la mise en place du cadre national pour les services climatologiques (cnsc). 77 pages


VINCENT LIDSKY et al (2017). Les outils de gestion des risques en agriculture. 57 pages developpement/



Description of facilitation methods

Before starting the training, the facilitator is required to go through the facilitation notes and the facilitation methodology for each session. Additional materials for the unit are provided in the links available in the sessions and in the facilitation notes.



Notes for the facilitator


Section 1: climate services


What is climate services?

  • Climate services are the production and contextualization of information and knowledge derived from climate research, which aims to support decision-making at all levels of society
  • These services can be divided into three categories:
    • long-term climate projections that study the evolution of rainfall, winds, sunshine, etc. in the future ;
    • short- and medium-term forecasts (day, month or season) that allow all players to optimize their choices;
    • and finally, these same short-term forecasts, but used to reduce the risk of disasters such as drought, flood, etc.


Purpose and role of climate services

  • A climate service aims to provide a range of resources (data, products, decision support, …) directly usable by the actors involved in the actions induced by climate change (impact, adaptation, mitigation)
  • It plays a role of interface and coordination between the needs (sphere of the users) and the available resources (sphere of the research)


Users of climate services

Everyone, at all levels, uses climate services to manage their hobbies or professional activity: from the individual who checks the weather to take a walk to the local authorities who receive “heavy rain” warning bulletins, including the project manager who needs to know the evolution of future rains to correctly size his wastewater treatment.



Section 2: Basics needs of Climate Information Services


  • Observation networks
  • Powerful computers
  • Qualified Human resources


Section 3: Constraints on the applicability of climate and weather information


  • Quality of information products,
  • Availability of data at appropriate scales
  • Difficulties in communication
  • Difficulties in interpreting the information










Are Southern countries well equipped for this?


  • Some have good information production capacity at the meteorological agency level, but the diffusion is
  • Information production, dissemination and needs analysis are three areas of climate services in which much can be done in the
  • A better knowledge of users is fundamental.
  • It must also be admitted that meteorological stations and radars are aging, in West Africa for
  • Investments in these infrastructures are therefore necessary, but the information does exist and is reliable.
  • The whole issue of climate services is the dissemination of information, whatever the means of transmission: SMS, radio bulletin or voice server …





Sénégal (2016). Plan d’actions du senegal (2006-2020) pour la mise en place du cadre national pour les services climatologiques (cnsc). 77 pages





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